You are viewing greeknymphs

Nymph

August 2008

S M T W T F S
     12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31      

Atsma, Aaron J. Theoi.com. Auckland, New Zealand, 2008.

Bryant, Rae. "Chthonos: Letters from the Primordial Edge." RaeBryant@livejournal.com. 2008.

Bulfinch’s Mythology. Gramercy Books, New York, 2003.

Charles Freeman. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, New York, 2004.

Cotterell, Arthur and Rachel Storm, The Encyclopedia of World Mythology. Lorenz Books, London, 2004.

Hornblower, Simon and Antony Spawforth. The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Third Edition Revised. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003.

Seyffert, Oskar, Henry Nettleship and J.E. Sandys. A Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, Mythology, Religion, Literature and Art, Third Edition, Kessinger Publishing, Whitefish, 2006.

Syndicate

RSS Atom
Powered by LiveJournal.com

Aug. 11th, 2008

Nymph

The House of Atreus

 The House of Atreus

“The Troubles of the house of Atreus were attributed to the god Hermes, whose son Myrtilus was wronged by Pelops. Atreus and his brothers quarreled murderously over the the ownership of a golden ram given to Atreus by Hermes, and not until Orestes had been tried for the crime of matricide and helped in this trial by the goddess Athena was the curse on the family finally lifted. Atreus’ sons Agamemnon and Menelaus played a crucial part in the ten-year war between the Greeks and trojans, which began when Menelaus’ wife Helen left her husband for the young Trojan prince, Paris” (The Encyclopedia of World Mythology, Cotterel and Storm).
 
Oenomaus: King of Elis. Had a daughter:
Hippodaemia: Won the hand of Pelops by trickery.
 
Tantalus: Punished by Gods for trying to deceive them.
Pelops: Son of Tantalus. Pelops was a champion charioteer, who gave his name to the Peloponnese. Pelops children:
Thyestes: Seduced Aerope. Thyestes had a son:
Aegisthus: Became the lover of Clytemnestra (Agamemnon’s wife). He helped Clytemnestra kill Agamemnon upon his return from the Trojan war. 
Chrysippus: Killed for the Golden Ram).
Atreus: Killed Thyestes’ children. Married Aerope, who Chryssipus killed for the Golden Ram. Atreus and Aerope had two children:
Agamemnon: King of Mycenae, commander in chief of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, attempted to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia, and was killed by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover for this. (See children listed below.)
Menelaus: King of Sparta, married to Helen, who ran away with the Trojan prince, Paris, thereby the catalyst of the Trojan War.
 
Tyndareos (King of Sparta) and Leda (birthed Helen and Plydeuces by Zeus): Gave birth to . . .
Clytemnestra: Queen of Mycenae. Took Aegisthus as a lover, who then helped her murder her husband, King Agamemnon, upon his return from the Trojan War. She had three children by Agamemnon:
Electra: Rescued Orestes from Aegisthus.
Orestes: Killed his mother. Was followed and tormented by the Erinyes. Finally tried in Athens for matricide.
Iphigenia: Offered by her father as a human sacrifice in order for him to gain a favorable wind to Troy. She was saved by Artemis and made an attendant. Iphigenia grew in power, subsequently worshipped as Hecate.
Nymph

The Demi-Gods

 The Demi-Gods

(With the following mortals, Zeus created the demi-gods. This is a partial list mean to outline the most popular unions.)

 
Zeus (as Swan) and Leda =   Helen (Cause of the Trojan War), Polydeuces (Part of the constellation Gemini
 
Zeus (as Shower of Rain) and Danae (Princess of Argos) = Perseus (Slayed Medusa),
 
Zeus (Disguised as her husband Amphitryon, King of Tiryns) and Alcmene = Heracles (Hero of the Twelve Labors)
 
Zeus (Thunderstom) and Semele (Princess of Thebes) = Dionysus (God of Wine and Ecstasy)
 
Zeus (Bull) and Europa (Princess of Tyre) = Sarpedon (Founded Greek City, Miletus), Rhadamanthys (a Judge of the Dead), Minos (King of Crete)
Nymph

The Divine Children of Zeus

  The Divine Children of Zeus


(With the following goddesses and Thaness, Zeus created the gods, goddesses, and the muses. This is a partial list meant to outline the most popular unions.)
 
Zeus and Hera = Hephaestus (Smith), Hebe (Cupbearer), Ares (War), Eleithyia (Childbirth)
 
Zeus and Demeter = Persephone (Queen of the Underworld, wife of Hades)
 
Zeus and Leto (Thaness) =    Apollo (Prophecy, Archery, and Music) and Artemis (Virgin Goddess of the Hunt)
 
Zeus and Metis (Wisdom/Thaness, Swallowed by Zeus) = Athena (Craft and Warrior Goddess/Alter ego was Medusa)
 
Zeus and Mnemosyne = The Muses: Calliope (Epic Poetry), Clio (History), Euterpe (Flute Playing), Terpsichore (Lyric Poetry and Dancing), Erato (Lyric Poetry), Melpomene (Tragedy), Thalia (Comedy), Polyhymnia (Hmsn and Pantomime), Urania (Astronomy)
Nymph

Olympians

  Olympians

(From Cronus and Rhea, sprang the Olympians.)
Zeus (Sky), Hera (Mother), Hades (Underworld), Poseidon (Sea), Demeter (Harvest), Hestia (Hearth), Aphrodite* (Love)

(*Where the other gods and goddesses were born of Cronus and Rhea, Aphrodite’s story is different. She was not born of Cronus and Rhea, but instead was created when Cronus, at the urging of his mother Gaia, castrated his genitals and threw them into the sea. From the genitals sprang Aphrodite, from the blood, sprang the Erinyes. Though Eros is associated with Aphrodite, sometimes portrayed as her son, he actually predates her.)
Nymph

Titans

  Titans

(From Gaia and Uranus, sprang the Titans.)
Cronus, Rhea, Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Themis, Mnsemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys
Nymph

Nymphs

"A varied category of female divinities anthropomorphically perceived as young women. They inhabit and animatedly express differentiated natures: water (rivers, springs, the sea), mountains, trees, places (regions, town, states)" (Hornblower).

Nymphs are a deeply chthonic, sensual, and primordial being, well versed in earth and herbs. They are characterized as beautiful, amicable, though sometimes spiteful if denied. Their classifications as follows:

Hamadryad  (oak)

Karya  (chestnut)

Naiads  (river)

Daphnaie  (mountain laurel)

The Hamadryad are the original of the dryads, and split into other factions, i.e. Karya. Any dryad directly descended from the Hamadryad is linked to his or her tree by life and death. For a host to die, would mean the death of the Hamadryad.